|One possible signature of a Higgs boson from a simulated proton–proton collision. It decays almost immediately into two jets of hadrons and two electrons, visible as lines|
'Peter Higgs' the man and his team proposed the boson particle in 1964 . Thus the particle 'Higgs boson' is named after him. This Particle is much curious subject for more than 45-years, for the hunt as to know and explain how the 'matter' attaint it's mass. The Element is most popular as the GOD Particle but most scientists regard it a hyperbole. For your information the word 'boson' means a type of particle that allows multiple identical particles to exists in the same place in the same quantum state.
You might even remember the Large Hadron Collider ("LHC") at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland where on 24 May 2011, it reported on quark–gluon plasma (the densest matter besides black holes). The actual purpose of it was to find the higgs particle itself. Between July and August 2011, results of research on the Higgs boson and for exotic particles, based on the data collected during the first half of the 2011 were ran, were also presented in conferences in Grenoble and Mumbai.
Now, let me explain to you what the Higgs Mechanism is. We will put this together by using some simple things from our day-to-day life. We need
1. A tray (like the one found in MacDonald's)
2. Some TT Balls (or also famous as Ping Pong balls)
3. A 1kg bag of sugar
All starts by Big Bang Theory, as thats is the most logical and convincing theory till now.
1. Place the TT balls on the tray and the balls are wiggling around.
So, say before the big bang all the particles were moving at the light speed, no particle was stable. Now unless these particles have even little bit of mass then they cannot come together. Because as we know if the particles do not have mass then there is nothing. They cannot form astroids, no planets, no galaxies or no human, no plants etc.
2. Pour the sugar in the tray all around the balls and start shaking the tray.
So Lets say after a few fractions of seconds of The Higgs mechanism, an unseen field starts permeating the whole space.
3. Now you will see some balls will move too slow and some more faster.
Now as the present particles move around the unseen field they start stablising, start having mass. And other particle which still are movivng around but not at the same velocity as before, are not that massive.
And yes, there is one particle which still do not how have mass, the Photon particle, which still continues to moves as before. Throw pick a ball [particle] and throw it outside.
Now we cannot look directly as it's unseen, they are looking for boson at LHC and that is one of the particles in the Higgs field associated with the field. And that is what they think have done today. It lets them explain why particles sustains mass or everything have mass. In experiment this particle decays very very fast. After the collision of proton - proton particle, it decays almost immediately into two jets of hadrons and electrons.